Observations on the Slave Trade, and A Description of some Part of the Coast of Guinea, During A Voyage, Made in 1787, and 1788, in Company with Doctor A. Sparrman and Captain Arrehenius. London, Printed and Sold by James Phillips, George-Yard, Lombard-Street, 1789.
Pp. (ii), xii, 67. Title page waterstained and restored at upper margin verso without any loss. Contemporary or slightly later green half calf, flat spine decorated and lettered in gilt, somewhat rubbed, boards with slight discolouration. First edition. Sabin 100906. Goldsmiths 14021.Carl Bernard Wadström (1746-99) is known as the Swedish philanthropist and Swedenborgian (New Church) who played a central role in the British abolition movement. In 1787 the Swedish King Gustav III sent Wadström, together with twio other Swedes; Carl Axel Arrhenius and Anders Sparrman, to Guinea to investigate the possibility of establishing a Swedish West African colony. On Wadström's return he stayed in England to attend a Swedenborgian conference and was drawn into the current English antislavery campaign. He then established contact with leading abolitionists Thomas Clarkson, Granville Sharp and William Wiberforce. In 1789 he published "Observations on the slave trade" and in 1794-95 he issued "An Essay on Colonization" in which he exposed the cruelties of slavery and claimed that the Africans were worth more as trading partners and wage labourers than as slaves. The work won much recognition around Europe. In 1795 he moved to Paris where he was made an honourary citizen. He also became a leading member of the French abolition society ÒLes Amis de Noir et des ColoniesÓ. See: Beskow ÒMinne af Öfver-direktören Carl Bernard WadströmÓ, 1861. Dahlgren ÒCarl Bernard WadströmÓ, Nordisk tidskrift för bok och biblioteksväsen II, Sthlm 1915. Ellen Hagen ÒEn frihetstidens sonÓ, Sthlm 1946. A critical work that question's Sparrman's prominent role: See P. K. Nelson ÒCarl Bernhard Wadström. Mannen bakom mytenÓ (The man behind the myth), Norrköping 1998.BOUND WITH (Preceded by): [COSTE D'ARNOBAT, C.P.]: Voyage au pays de Bambouc, suivi d'observations intéressantes sur les castes indiennes, sur la Hollande et sur l'Angleterre. Bruxelles & Paris 1789. Pp. (iv), 358. One text leaf with tear (no loss). Some minor spotting.AND: WADSTRÖM, C.B.: Précis sur l'établissement des colonies de Sierra Léona et de Boulama. Paris, Ch. Pougens, 1798. Pp. viii, 80 (of 94), missing 14 pages. French edition translated from the English by Charles Pougens. Brunet vi, 28428. Gay 2854. Sabin 100907. Quérard X, 464.
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Book number: 100119
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Keywords: Western Africa, africa, afrique, africana, afrika, slave, slavery, travel, exploration, guinea, bambouc, senegal, mali, french sudan, sierra leone,