Journal, oder Kurtze Erzehlung des Anfangs, Fort- und Au§gangs des Krieges, welcher zwischen dem König und mehrerer Regierunge des Reichs Macassar und der Oost-Indischen Compagnie der vereinigten Niederlanden in den Jahren 1666, 1667, 1668 und 1669, geführet worden. Hamburg, Gottfried Schultzen, 1670.
4to. Pp. (36). Title printed in red and black. Without the map. Modern boards. A German edition, originally published in Dutch 1669, of this early account of Makassar (Sulawesi Island) at that time when the Dutch took over as colonial masters in the area.Cornelis Speelman was born in Rotterdam 1628. At the age of sixteen, he left for the East Indies where he stayed for the rest of his life. From the beginning of the 16th century Makassar was the major trading centre of eastern Indonesia where Chinese, Indians, Arabs, Siamese, Javanese and Malays came to exchange commodities (spices, metal goods, textiles, gold, copper, pearls, etc.). Makassar was Sulawesi's major port and centre of the powerful Gowa and Tallo Sultanates. The first European settlers were Portuguese seamen (16th century) and at that time the Makassar kings maintained a policy of free trade. The Dutch arrived at the beginning of the 17th century with the aim of establishing a hegemony over the spice trade in the area. In 1666 Speelman headed a Dutch expedition to Makassar, aided by Bugis soldiers, and managed to destroy the strongholds of the Sultanate of Gowa. The Treaty of Bongaja was signed in 1667 between Sultan Hasanudin of Gowa and the Dutch East India Company (VOC) which meant that all traders from Gowa had to apply for licences in order to do business in regions controlled by the VOC. Speelman became Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies between 1681 and his death in 1684. Scarce. A few library copies found in Germany, one at Cornell and one in the Netherlands. Not in Cordier. Landwehr VOC 238. See Howgego p. 987 (for Speelman).
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Keywords: Indonesia, macassar, makassar, east india, east india company, indonesia, batavia, jakarta, travel, exploration, sulawesi, Ujung Pandang, commerce, trade