Oupnek'hat (id est, secretum tegendum): opus ipsa in India rarissimum, continens antiquam et arcanam [ ... ] doctrinam, è quatuor sacris Indorum libris, Rak Beid, Djedjr Beid, Sam Beid, Athrban Beid, excerptam; Ad verbum, è persico idiomate, Samskreticis vocabulis intermixto, in Latinum conversum; Dissertationibus et Annotationibus, difficiliora explanantibus, illustratum. Two vols. Argentorati (Stra§burg), Gebrüder Levrault, 1801-2.
4to. Pp. 24, cxi, 734, (2); xvi, 880, 36. Printed on good quality paper with wide margins. Contemporary marbled calf with elaborated gilt border, flat spines gilt in compartments and with green title labels. Floral endpapers and sprinkled edges. Faded stamps of Jesuit College, Linz on title pages. Front hinge to volume one starting. First edition of the first Western translation of the Upanishads, a collection of at least 200 sacred texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism (of which some are shared with Buddhism, Janism and Sikhism). It is uncertain when the Upanishads were composed but it is believed that the earlier ones should be placed in the 7th or 6th century BC. This version of the Upanishads is based on a Persian translation from the Sanskrit commissioned by the Mogul Prince Dara Shikoh in 1656. Anquetil-Duperron, the famous traveller and discoverer of the Zend-Avesta, received two Persian manuscripts from which he made translations into French and Latin. (The French version was never published). His Latin printed version was received with both criticism and praise in the western world. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was an admirer of the Upanishads. After reading A-D's version he called it "the production of the highest human wisdom". Several other European and American poets and philosophers in the 19th century were greatly influenced by the teachings of the Upanishads. A significant work in a magnificent binding. Windisch, Geschichte der Sanskrit-Philologie, pp. 48-50.
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Keywords: India, india, inde, indian, indien, asia, asie, asien, asiatic, religion, religious, sanskrit, sanscrit, language, langue, exploration,