Naar Congoland : Een Reisbeschrijving
De Christen-Studenten Vereeniging van Zuid-Afrika, Stellenbosch. 1913, First Edition. Hardcover. 87 pages (complete). In Dutch throughout. In 1912 the future architect of apartheid, and South African prime minister, D F Malan visited the Afrikaner communities in the Rhodesias and in Belgian Congo. It was a visit that had a profound influence on his personal philosophies - particulary from the experience of those Afrikaners who had adapted to life in the Congo. Now, he took notice of the limits of the actions of the church within society. According to his thoughts, this could only succeed in the Missions [of the Afrikaners] if the State was involved in the political decisions taken to organise society and deal with the questions of education, language, religion and culture. It was necessary therefore, he came to think, to invest in the political field, create a National-Christian party for parliament to guarantee the fundamental principals of the Christian community and to have a government committed to these ideals. For the first time Malan began to breach the walls between religion and politics. Due to this visit it became clear to Malan that the Afrikaners of Rhodesia not only needed money and missionaries but also a government to protect their interests, to construct educational institutions in order to elevate their social standing. If many of the Rhodesians stigmatised the education of the Blacks due to the emergence of racial tensions, Malan responded that it was more possible to prevent the Africans' desire to learn, educate themselves and to raise their own social advancement than to hold back the waters of the Zambesi. For Malan, it was now justifiable to found a basic education for the black populations, mainly to teach them English, read and write so as to accomplish their ethnic uprooting and acculturalisation linguistically and religiously. From these experiences apartheid was born. A much aged copy. The covers are scruffy. They are worn, scuffed, marked. They are yet benign and sure. The contents are elderly. They are foxed, mottled, marked, worn from use. Nonetheless, they are resolutely clear, competent, certain of attitude, tidy, assured. fk. Fair/No Jacket.
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