New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air, and Its Effects, (Made, for the Most Part, in a New Pneumatical Engine) Written by Way of Letter to the Right Honorable Charles Lord Eldest Son to the Earl of Corke... .
Oxford: H. Hall for Tho: Robinson, 1662. Hardcover. Boyle, Robert [1627-1691]New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching The Spring of the Air, and Its Effects, (Made, for the most part, in a New Pneumatical Engine) Written by Way of Letter To the Right Honorable Charles Lord Eldest Son to the Earl of Corke, by the Honorable Robert Boyle, Esq. Oxford: Printed by H. Hall, Printer to the University, for Tho: Robinson. 1662.
¶ Second Edition 3 parts in one volume: + A Defence of the Doctrine touching the Spring and the Weight of the Air...Against the Objections of Franciscus Linus.... + An Examen of Mr. T. Hobbes his Dialogus Physicus with an Appendix touching Mr. Hobbess Doctrine of Fluidity and Firmness.
¶ (193 x 157mm) pp. [4 blank] [xvi] 207; [xii] 122 [2 blank]; 86 [2 blank] 85-98] 2 plates (1 folding) This copy does have the blank leaf m4 in part 3. Half title for the 1st part, separate titles for parts 2 and 3. Fully bound in ruled brown leather with decorative devices at corners of both compartments. Gilt stamped spine with raised bands laid back down when boards were reattached. Boards and edges heavily scuffed and rubbed, but sturdily bound. Folded plate has no tears. Japanese paper has been used judiciously in reinforcing the hinges as part of the binding repair. Nice and tight and very good+ internally.
¶ "In 1657, hearing of Otto von Guerickes invention of the air pump in Germany, Boyle set his assist ants to constructing one for his use. With this, and another constructed by Robert Hooke, who was then still learning the art of scientific research, he undertook a complete, well thought out and conclusive series of experiments on the physical nature of air. He was the first to demonstrate experimentally the truth of the belief, held since the time of Aristotle, that sound is conveyed by air and is not transmitted in a vacuum. He proved that it is the weight of the air which supports the column of mercury in a barometer, by performing the Torricellian experiment in the receiver of his air pump and then gradually exhausting the receiver when the column of mercury gradually fell. He demonstrated the weight of the air, its surprising elasticity, and its necessity for respiration and combustion. At the same time he showed that such properties as light and magnetism were not dependent upon the air for transmission.
¶ All these findings, carefully and simply described, Boyle published in 1660. A second edition of New Experiments was soon called for, and to it he added a defence of his views against attacks by Hobbes and others. This second edition (here cited) is particularly important for what Boyle called an hypothesis but what we know as "Boyles Law" : that the volume of a confined space varies inversely as the pressure. He demonstrated this by much experimental detail: with experiments on rarefaction performed by others, including Hooke, and on compression performed by himself.Printing and the Mind of Man No. 143
¶ This copy carries several book labels or bookplates, the first being that of John Fyshe Palmer, dated in type 17??, the last two digits not printed. thus it reads John Fyshe Palmer / A.D. 17." Henry Fyshe took the name Palmer, and begat Thomas Fyshe Palmer (1747-1802), a noted Unitarian minister, reformer and political exile. John Fyshe Palmer could be his progeny.
¶ Under this bookplate is another for John Farquhar Fulton, (1899-1960). historian of medicine, physiologist and bibliophile of some standing. John Fulton, the youngest of the three founders of the Historical Library, trained in medicine and physiology at Harvard and Oxford, and came to Yale in 1930 as professor of physiology. He was already deep into collecting books when he served as a resident and disciple of Harvey Cushing at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. The two men shared a close friendship based on both scientific and historical interests. Like Cushing, Fulton became a bibliophile, bibliographer, and historian. His special collecting interest was physiological works from the 16th to 18th century. In addition to his major texts in physiology, Fulton authored or coauthored biographies of Harvey Cushing, Benjamin Silliman, and Michael Servetus, and bibliographies of Fracastoros poem Syphilis, Luigi Galvani and his nephew Aldini, Richard Lower and John Mayow, Joseph Priestley, Robert Boyle, and early works on anesthesia. Fulton became the first chairman of the Department of History of Medicine at Yale in 1951 with offices across the hall from the Historical Library offices. [Yale University Medical Historical Library.]
¶ John Fulton also signed this bookplate and dated his signature, May 13, 1940. An excellent association copy for the next collector to own this copy. Printing and the Mind of Man, No. 143. Garrison-Morton 666. Wing B3999. Evans 28 ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall.
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Keywords: Science Physics