Testamentum duodecim Patriarcharum, filiorum Jacob, per Robertum Lincolmensem Episcopum, è Graeco in Latinum versum. ...Including: [JULIAN of Toledo]. Juliani Pomerii, Toletam Episcopi, contra Judaeos libri tres.Haguenau in Alsace, Johann Setzer, February 1532. 2 works published together in 1 edition. Small 8vo (15 x 9.5). Set in Venetian-style roman and Aldine-style italic types. Red goatskin morocco, bound for Louis Jean Gaignat (1697-1768), secretary to King Louis XV (ca. 1760/65?: we cannot confirm an 1878 attribution to Padeloup, d. 1758), richly gold-tooled spine, each board with a frame of triple fillets, gold-tooled turn-ins, gilt edges.
, [1 blank] pp.First dated edition (following one or two extremely rare undated editions) of an important, fascinating and very popular work claiming to be the last instructions that the twelve Old Testament Patriarchs (the twelve sons of Jacob) gave their people before they died, translated into Latin by Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln in England, in 1242 from a Greek manuscript that was only a few decades older but was supposed to have been translated from the lost original Hebrew. Origen of Alexandria referred to this work already ca. 250 AD as did Jerome ca. 400 AD, but the oldest surviving manuscripts date from 981 (in Armenian) and around that time or soon after (in Greek). These manuscripts were certainly produced by Christians: they declare the error of Jewish beliefs, prophesy the second coming of Christ and justify the mistreatment of Jews (though they forbid the killing of Jews) because only at the end of time will Christ come and save their souls. No one claimed that these testaments were canonical biblical texts, but when the present edition appeared many Church authorities still regarded them as reliable and important sources that had been suppressed by the Jews. Grosseteste's Latin translation proved very poplar, circulating widely in manuscript . After the Council of Trent, however, the book was sufficiently debunked that Pope Pius V placed it on the index of prohibited books in 1570. The texts remained popular, however, and editions continued to appear.The present edition for the first time combines the Testaments with a work against the Jewish faith that was written by a converted Jew, Julian of Toledo (642-690), Archbishop of Toledo, who held the primacy for the entire Iberian peninsula. He did write partly for a Jewish audience that he hoped to convert, but also for Christians. It is printed here for the first time and includes a five-page dedicatory epistle by the Augsburg humanist and reformer Menrad Molther (ca. 1505-1558) at the University of Heidelberg, who also wrote a shorter preliminary note for the Testaments.Bound for Louis Jean Gaignat (1697-1768), secretary of King Louis XV, and auctioned with his library in 1769, when the great bibliophile Paul Girardot de Préfond (1722-ca. 1808?) bought it and other books, affixing the gold-tooled red morocco bookplate for his "second" library on the paste-down. It descended to Robert Samuel Turner (1818-1887) and was auctioned with part of his collection in 1878, when the binding was attributed to Padeloup. Girardot's second library is said to have included many bindings by Luc Antoine Boyet (ca. 1658-1733), Antoine Michel Padeloup le jeune (1685-1758) and Nicolas Denis Derôme le jeune (1731-1790), but much confusion remains concerning the great Paris binders of this period.The printed shoulder notes are slightly shaved on about 10 pages, a small marginal stain appears in about 20 leaves, and the leaves are very slightly browned, but the book remains in good condition. The binding is worn at the hinges but is otherwise very good.l Adams P423; Brunet IV, p. 76 (present copy); De Bure, Cat. Louis Jean Gaignat, 10 April 1769, lot 92 (present copy); Labitte, Cat. Robert Samuel Turner, 12 March 1878, lot 18 (present copy, binding attributed to Padeloup); Renouard, Cat. bibl. d'un amateur, I, pp. 53-54; USTC 696219; VD16, T575; for the text: M. de Jonge, "Robert Grosseteste and the Testaments of the twelve Patriarchs", in: Journal of theological studies, 42 (1991), pp. 115-125; for Girardot see also: Jean-Paul Fontaine, "Paul Girardot de Préfond ..."; Martin, Histoire de la Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal (1900), pp. 54 & 306.
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