Diogenis Laertii De vitis, dogmatibus et apophthegmatibus clarorum philosophorum libri X. Graece et Latine. Cum subjunctis integris annotationibus Is. Casauboni, Th. Aldobrandini & Mer. Casauboni. Latinam Ambrosii versionem complevit & emendavit Marcus Meibomius. Seorsum excusas Aeg. Menagii in Diogenem Observationes auctiores habet volumen II. Ut & ejusdem Syntagma de mulieribus philosophis; et Joachimi Kühnii ad Diogenem notas. Additae denique sunt priorum editionum praefationes, & indices locupletissimi.
Amsterdam (Amstelaedami), Apud Henricum Wetstenium, 1692. 4to. 2 volumes: (XVI, including the frontispiece),672;(8),590,(55),(1 blank) p., 25 plates. Vellum 26.5 cm § By far the best edition (Ref: STCN ppn 841722080; Neue Pauly, Suppl. 2, p. 204; Hoffmann 1,566; Brunet 2,720: 'Édition la plus complète et la plus belle'; Ebert 6176; Graesse 2,396; Moss 1,400/01: 'excellent edition, exhibiting the most correct and critical revision'; Dibdin 1,503/04: 'most perfect edition. (.), by far the best edition'. The Classical Tradition, Cambr. Mass., 2010, p. 272) (Details: Back with 6 raised bands. Brown morocco shield in the second compartment. Boards with blind double and triple fillets. Engraved frontispiece, depicting a bunch of philosophers, including Pythagoras and the cynic Diogenes, who are discussing in the court of a kind of 'temple of wisdom'; in the left corner sits Diogenes Laertius, busy writing his account. § Both titles in red and black. Engraved printer's device on the title: a burin being sharpened on a whetstone (Wetstein!); around it the device: 'Terar dum prosim'; this scene is flanked by a standing Hermes and Athena. 25 full page plates with beautiful engraved portraits of the ancient Greek philosophers Thales, Solon, Pittacus, Anacharsis, Socrates, Aeschines, Aristippus, Euclides, Plato, Xenocrates, Carneades, Aristoteles, Theophrastus, Antisthenes, Diogenes, Monimus, Chrysippus, Pythagoras, Archytas, Heraclitus, Zeno, Democritus, Sextus Empiricus, Epicurus, and in the chapter on Cleobulus a portrait of a 'Aenea virgo', a bust with a sunny side and a dark, lunar, side) (Condition: Vellum age-tanned. Backs slightly soiled. The front joint of the first volume is cracked for 7 cm at the head of the spine. Pinpoint wormhole in the blank lower margin of the first 176 pages of the first volume, not coming near the text. Small and faint stain at the uppermargin of the first 2 gatherings. Paper slightly yellowing) (Note: The 'Lives and Doctrines of the Philosophers' of the Greek author Diogenes Laertius, who lived probably in the first half of the third century A.D., is still 'our best indirect source of knowledge for classical philosophy'. The 'Lives' comprises both a biographical and a doxographical account, basically focused on Greek thinkers from the 6th to the 3rd century B.C. (from Thales to Epicurus), although references to schools and individuals extend to at least the 2nd century A.D.' (The Classical Tradition, Cambr. Mass. 2010, p. 271) Diogenes Laertius drew his material from earlier compilations, and his doxographic account offers long excerpts from primary texts not transmitted elsewhere, for example Epicurus' 'Principal Doctrines'. Diogenes' reliability and value differ from passage to passage. Some give invaluable information, other passages offer mere caricature. His approach is not a 'systematic analysis, but rather a eulogistic narrative of the course of ancient philosophy, and of the four main classical schools, the Academy, Peripatetics, Stoics and Epicureans. Anecdotal and perhaps largely apocryphal in nature, still it gave to Renaissance humanists, like Leonardo Bruni, Machiavelli, Erasmus et alii, some conception of ancient philosophy, especially of Platonic and Epicurean thought.' (Ch.L. Stinger, 'Humanism and the Church Fathers: Ambrogio Traversari (1386-1439) and Christian antiquity in the Italian Renaissance', Albany 1977, p. 71) § The 'editio princeps' was published in Basel in 1533. The Latin translation was published much earlier in Rome in 1472. This translation, also appearing in this book, was made by the Italian priest, theologian and leading Hellenist of his time Ambrogio Traversari, O.S.B. Cam., also known as Ambrosius Traversari, or Ambrosius Camaldulensis, 1386-1439. He was an exponent of the new humanism which was growing up within the church. This 1692 edition was produced by the Danish philologist Marcus Meibom, or Marcus Meibomius, born in 1630 in Tönning in Schleswig-Holstein. He was a scholar with a bad temper and a lot of ennemies. After a turbulent life he died poor in Utrecht in 1710 or 1711. He was one of those colourful people who, despite numerous initiatives, was unable to ascend in the Republic of Letters. Meibom treated everyone crudely and could never restrain his arrogance. The Dutch gentleman/scholar Nicolaas Heinsius called him a 'hungry rogue' and an 'ungrateful person'. He was made royal librarian and professor at Uppsala in 1654. In 1668 he accepted a position at the Athenaeum Illustre at Amsterdam. One year later, in 1670, he was fired. Modesty and humility were not his strongest points. § The first volume of this 1692 edition 'contains the (Greek) text of the author on the basis of the Roman edition of 1594, divided into sections, and amended by Meibomius from former editions, and a Cambridge and an Arundelian MS.; the text is succeeded by the Latin version of Ambrosius, but so greatly improved and corrected by the present editor, that it may be justly called a 'new one'. To each page are added the entire notes of Stephen (Henry Estienne), both the Casaubons, Aldobrandini, and the unpublished ones of Meibomius; (.) The second volume contains the long and learned annotations of Ménage (Aegidius Menagius, or Giles Ménage of Angers, 1613-1692) and his 'Historia Mulierum Philosopharum' (.) To these succeed some very learned notes of Kuhnius, never before published, in which great light is thrown on many passages of Laertius; then follow some various readings from the Cambridge and Arundelian MS. collated with great care by Gale. (.) Beyond all doubt, however, this is by far the best, as well as the most splendid, edition extant of the author.' (Dibdin) § Of special interest is the section with short biographies of ancient women philosophers, produced by the French scholar Aegidius Menagius. We quote concerning this section the abstract of an article of professor Richard Maber: 'The late work of Gilles Ménage (1613-1692), 'Historia mulierum philosopharum' (1690), is a compilation of all the information that he could gather concerning women philosophers from earliest antiquity to the fourteenth century. It made little impact when first published, but is currently the subject of renewed interest in the context of women's studies, with recent translations into English, French, Italian, and Spanish. However the work's true importance is much greater than has been realised. Ménage included it, as he had always intended, in his monumental and definitive edition of Diogenes Laertius's Lives of the Philosophers (1692), the greatest known source of information about the (male) philosophers of antiquity. Ménage's Historia thus became a supplement, and corrective, to Diogenes Laertius, and was included with subsequent editions and translations of the irreplaceable Greek text. In this way, the reality of women's capacity for the highest intellectual achievement was incontrovertibly established, and women were integrated into the mainstream of the history of philosophy. An analysis (.) demonstrates how, thanks explicitly to Ménage's work, the role of women was now seen as crucial to modern intellectual life'. (Maber, Richard G. (2010). Re-Gendering Intellectual Life: Gilles Ménage and his Histoire des femmes philosophes. Seventeenth-Century French Studies 32(1): 45-60)) (Collation: Volume 1: *-2*4; A-4P4. Volume 2: *-4, a-4m4 (leaf 4m3 verso blank; leaf 4m4 blank); plates at p. 14, thales (at p. 44), 26 solon, 46 pittacus, 56 'aenea virgo', 64 anacharsis, 90 socrates, 115 aeschines, 118 aristippus, 141 euclides, 163 plato, 230 xenocrates, 263 carneades, 268 aristoteles, 288 theophrastus, 317 antisthenes, 325 diogenes, 353 monimus, 477 chrysippus, 487 pythagoras, 540 archytas, 548 heraclitus, 564 zeno, 569 democritus, 602 sextus empiricus, 603 epicurus) (Photographs on request) (Heavy book, may require extra shipping costs)
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Keywords: (Oude Druk) (Rare Books) Diogenes Laertius Dutch imprints Greek literature Greek philosophy Greek text Griechische Literatur Latin translation Philosophie antike altertum antiquity griechische Philosophie philosophy women's studies