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YOUNG, REV. W. - Report on the Condition of the Chinese Population in Victoria.

Melbourne, Govt Printer 1868. Foolscap folio, stitched as issued; 30pp. A small slip was sometime pinned at the bottom of the first two leaves, leaving marks; no great grief. ¶ By 1868 the Chinese population of Victoria was on the wane - estimated at less than half its peak at the height of the goldrush - but "vicious practices"were seemingly on the rise. Chief among these were, of course, gambling and opium but their by-products, larceny and robberies, were a growing threat. Young suggested that the decline or disbandment of Chinese Associations had a directly negative effect on crime and has provided a translation of the rules of an association to illustrate to the government the benefit of these associations to the community. The first part of his report is both valuable and touching in that Chinese translators have provided statistics for each of the areas with Chinese communities; these statistics then are personal and idiosyncratic in their focus, providing the closest thing we have to a Chinese view of themselves at the time. Young includes a report by Dr Clendenning on the condition of Chinese lepers at Ballarat, and then finishes with his own report and suggestions for improvements, including the restitution of 'Headmen', the improvement of interpreters, education in English, Chinese police officers and so on. However, given the "abnormal condition of the great mass" (ie no women), in present circumstances it was best to encourage them to all go home. Young was an LMS missionary to the Chinese, apparently of Scottish-Malay descent, who had served in Amoy before coming to Victoria in the mid fifties. The impression given by this report and other documents of the period is that he was one of very few non-Chinese in the colony that had any grasp of any Chinese language.
AUD 750.00 [Appr.: EURO 458.25 US$ 552.8 | £UK 412.25 | JP¥ 57765] Book number 10699

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