Beschryving der heidensche goden en godinnen, getogen uit de Fabelschryveren en Oude Dichteren. Met printverbeeldingen gesiert.
Amsterdam, By Nicolaes ten Hoorn, 1716. 8vo. Frontispiece, (VIII),261,(31 index) p., 16 engraved plates. Paper wrapper. 17 cm An illustrated mythological manual (Details: Margins uncut. Frontispiece, dated 1715, by J. Goeree, depicting a portrait of 'Mater Deorum' within an architectural framework. On the title a woodcut printer's mark, showing a table/altar with an overload of symbols of the arts and the sciences, the motto: 'Ingenio et Industria'. The charming plates, which are not signed, offer all kinds of gods and mythological scenes) (Condition: Old marbled paper, probably from the original binding, reused for the covers. The back consists of a strip of modern stiff paper. Endpapers browned. Frontispiece dustsoiled and slightly foxed) (Note: The Dutchman David van Hoogstraten, 1658-1724, was a medical doctor and man of letters. He was a teacher at the Schola Latina of Amsterdam, and from 1694 till 1722 even conrector. He is best known for his Latin-Dutch dictionary of 1704, and for his translation of 'Ezopische fabelen' of Phaedrus, also of 1704. He translated also a number of Latin medical texts. He is further known for his Dutch and neolatin poetry. He published also on rhetoric and Dutch linguistics. This is the first edition of his handbook on classical mythology. The second edition dates from 1726. More editions followed in 1733, 1742 and 1761. Van Hoogstraten aims with his manual at people who are interested in mythology, but are not able to read Latin or Greek. (*2 recto: 'onbedreven in de Griexe en Latynsche sprake') He composed it, he says, at the request of the publisher. As starting point he took the successful 'Pantheum mythicum' of the French Jesuit François Pomey. His manual, written in Latin, al was by far the most popular and authoritative of the 17th century. (p. *2 verso) Van Hoogstraten translated the stories which were excerpted by Pomey into Dutch, but decided also to add a lot of material of his own, he tells. (p. *3 recto) For this additions he consulted Joachim Oudaen's 'Beschryving der Roomsche Mogentheit', and a work of the French author Gautruche on the same subject. He then warns young people, that if they want to write poetry, their efforts will fail, if they donot learn to understand mythological stories. These old stories contain hidden wisdom, and no poet and philospher can read without knowledge of mythological fables. (p. *4 recto) The study of these kind of stories, full of moral precepts, was even recommended by Plato to children. (p. *4 verso) The wisdom hidden under the mask of agreable stories enabled them to cope with the vicissitudes of fortune) (Collation: pi1 (frontispiece), *4, A-S8, V2) (Photographs on request) .
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Keywords: (Oude Druk) (Rare Books) Greek mythology Mythologie Mythos Roman mythology Schulbuch antike altertum antiquity griechische Mythologie mythology römische Mythologie schoolbook